December 2018 Market Update

Housing market in 2018 performed as expected as reported by The Vancouver Island Real Estate Board:

NANAIMO, BC – Sales of single-family homes in December dropped by 48 per cent from one year ago and were 44 per cent
lower than in November.

Last month, 170 single-family homes sold on the Multiple Listing Service® (MLS®) System compared to 304 in November
and 328 one year ago. Apartment sales in December were 65 per cent lower than in December 2017, while the number of
townhouses sold in December dropped by two per cent from one year ago. Annual sales of single-family homes in 2018
totalled 4,543, a 19 per cent drop from 2017. However, this reduction reflects the market returning to more normal levels
after the robust housing markets witnessed in 2016 and 2017.

Inventory of single-family homes last month rose by 23 per cent from one year ago (941 to 761) but dipped by 12 per cent
from November 2018. Active listings of apartments rose by 20 per cent (225 to 270) year over year and townhouses by 59
per cent (93 to 148).

The 2018 housing market behaved as expected, moderating after the record-setting pace set in 2016 and 2017.
Government policy-side measures introduced to cool the market, such as the mortgage stress test (Guideline B-20), eroded
the purchasing power of some prospective home buyers by as much as 20 per cent.

Despite lower demand, however, year-over-year benchmark prices of single-family homes continue to rise board-wide, up
10 per cent from December 2017. Price increases in individual markets ranged from seven per cent in Nanaimo to 20 per
cent in Port Alberni. Small month-over-month price reductions from November to December were posted in Duncan,
Nanaimo, and Port Alberni. The year-over-year benchmark prices of apartments and townhouses board-wide increased by
12 and 13 per cent, respectively.

Decreased demand and additional inventory are helping VIREB’s long-running sellers’ market transition to one that is
balanced or near-balanced. However, “micro markets” are omnipresent in many communities, favouring sellers for
moderately priced properties and benefitting buyers for higher-end homes. Overall, however, REALTORS® are reporting
that they are negotiating fewer multiple offers, with many buyers taking more of a wait-and-see approach.
“Realistically pricing your home is important in any market, but when fewer buyers are competing for a property, sellers
need to be far more strategic,” says Don McClintock, 2018 VIREB President.

McClintock also notes that property assessments, which were recently issued, complicate the pricing process for sellers
who may not realize that the assessed figure is based on the previous year and does not reflect a home’s current value. The
expertise of a REALTOR®, who will conduct a comparative market analysis using recent sales data, is hugely beneficial when
determining an optimal sales price.

The benchmark price of a single-family home board-wide was $506,300 in December, a 10 per cent increase from one year
ago. (Benchmark pricing tracks the value of a typical home in the reported area.) In the apartment category, the benchmark
price climbed to $319,000, up 13 per cent from last year. The benchmark price of a townhouse hit $411,500 last month, up
12 per cent over December 2017 but down slightly from November.

Last month, the benchmark price of a single-family home in the Campbell River area hit $414,600, an increase of 13 per
cent over December 2017. In the Comox Valley, the benchmark price reached $508,100, up 10 per cent from last
December. Duncan reported a benchmark price of $466,600, up 10 per cent from December 2017 but down two per cent
month over month. Nanaimo’s benchmark price rose seven per cent to $538,300 but dropped by two per cent from
November. The Parksville-Qualicum area saw its benchmark price increase by 11 per cent to $580,500 while the cost of a
benchmark single-family home in Port Alberni reached $299,000 in December, up 20 per cent from one year ago but down
four per cent from November.